Food History is a resource for anybody interested in food history. Articles exploring various issues of food history will be featured regularly. Learning food history means that cultural study which involves multidisciplinary approaches from economics, sociology and demography, and even literature.

Wednesday, April 23, 2014

History of plum (Prunus domestica)

The origin of Prunus domestica dates back millenniums of years. As it is assumed that the Caucasus is the origin of Prunus domestica, its wild ancestor should be found there.

The spontaneous occurrence of P, domestica has taken place sometime before the Neolithic Age.

Its oldest remains were found both in the Ukraine dating back 6000 years and in the South of Germany near Ulm (4060 – 3956 BC).

The European plum was first mentioned in the 7th century BC in Archilochus’s ‘Pollux’. Theophrast in 4th century BC mentioned the name ‘Prumnon’ for the first time.

The Romans brought the plum in the region north of the Alp Mountains. A ‘tavern’ was found there at the north of Lake Balaton in Hungary with a wall paint from 1st century illustrating woman’s head surrounded by reddish purple plums.
History of plum (Prunus domestica)