Wednesday, January 02, 2019

Wheat in ancient India

Indian’s climate is dominated by the monsoon, a wind that brings alternating seasons of hot, dry weather and heavy rain and flooding. In the drier west and north, wheat was the crop from early times.

Wheat was used by the people of the Indus Valley Civilization. Grains of wheat have been found from various sites of Indus valley civilization. Historians believe that the Harappans ate mostly wheat, rice and lentils. They use the wheat to make stews, soups and flat bread called chapati.

According to research bread wheat was cultivated in west Asia long before the date of the earliest finds in India, it remains certain that the northwest of the Indian subcontinent is a major center of diversity of the species, T. sphaerococcum, which is a wheat of great antiquity and which has been found in the excavations at Mohenjo-daro dating back to 2300 BC , is supposed to have originated in the northwestern are of the Indian subcontinent.

Emperor Anoshirwan (531 AD to 579 AD) arrange for a land survey and determine the amount of land tax to be paid by tillers on the field growing of wheat, and also other crops.
Wheat in ancient India