Monday, June 19, 2023

Espresso - coffee-brewing method of Italian origin

Espresso is a process of brewing coffee and is made by forcing high-pressured hot water through very finely ground coffee beans.

In 1884, Angelo Moriondo submits a patent for the first machine to brew large batches of coffee using steam and water. It held a name of "New steam machinery for the economic and instantaneous confection of coffee beverage, method 'A. Moriondo”. Moriondo’s machine was never produced commercially and no examples survive.

The espresso was invented by Milanese inventor, back in the early 20th century. The drink was created by businessman Luigi Bezzera who was experimenting with coffee to see how he could make his brew faster. He patented an improved espresso machine in 1901

The name "caffé espresso" translates to "pressed out coffee", referring to the water being pushed through the finely ground coffee at a very high pressure.

In 1903, he owned a manufacturing business, and it was frustrating him that making a cup of coffee would take up so much time. Later, he discovered that adding steam pressure to the machine not only cut the time it took to create the brew, but it also created a much stronger drink.

In 1905, Bezzera’s patent was bought by a Desidero Pavoni who started to produce espresso machines and founding “La Pavoni” company. He commercialized the world’s first espresso machine.

Espresso makes its debut at the 1906 World’s Fair in Milano. Luigi Bezzera and Desidero Pavoni have taken Moriondo’s idea and created a machine with a vertical boiler that brews a single cup of coffee in seconds. It is the first time people experience coffee made expressly for them: espresso.

The first espresso machine was installed in the United States in 1927. It was a "La Pavoni" machine and was installed at Reggio's in New York. By the 1940s, the process of making espresso had been properly fine-tuned, creating the espresso known and used cross the world.
Espresso - coffee-brewing method of Italian origin